The art of assessing students is quite interesting and can be complicated as you examine the multiple layers associated with it. There are numerous ways you can assess students, beginning with instructional assessment. I was able to watch my Mentor Teacher and the way she assessed student understanding during her lesson plans which was a good way for me to evaluate my own future plans.
In order to assess my students during lessons I plan to continually ask them questions. I plan to do this by explaining the lessons, but also asking students to volunteer information that they believe has to do with the lesson. When teaching a certain subject, if I put a problem up on the board I will have random students come up to help me solve the answers. If I am teaching students new words I will have them come up with sentences for those words and write the sentences on the board. I will then have other students come up and find those words in the sentences. I will then ask them explain how they found the words to their classmates.
Since I plan to teach Elementary school students I will focus mainly on the fundamentals of language arts and math with my students. In order to assess them formally I will hand out assignments in class that test their understanding and help me to assess their learning without grading them. I will look over their work and have them bring it home to their parents to see their accomplishments for that particular lesson. This will be a simple way for me to determine whether they are ready to move on to the next lesson and be quizzed or if they need more time focused on learning that skill.
By quizzing my students with simple tests each week I will be able to see how well they are retaining the information they are learning. In my first year my tests will consist mostly of the textbook quizzes and tests, but I plan to expand upon them as I become a better teacher. I will give the students quizzes consisting of a wide array of questions, depending on what they are learning that will not only allow me to know where they are at in their learning objectives, but also help them be guided into understanding their coursework.
During table work I will evaluate how the students are working and guide those who are having difficulties with a particular lesson during this time. During my volunteer time with my mentor teacher I was able to watch the adults in the classroom help the students with this and then also do it myself later on. I found that it helped the student with their understanding to know they could have one-on-one interaction with someone to help them come to a conclusion without interruption.
As a teacher of Elementary school age students I will also have the task of monitoring the different dimensions of their learning. I will do this by closely monitoring their behavior in the classroom. I have noticed the different dynamics of students each classroom can have and why they need to be evaluated on their performance to work as a team, work individually without guidance, and do their work in a timely manner. I understand why this is so important for younger students to learn in school. If they are not taught that their classroom is a community and they need to work together to reach their goals while also achieving their own goals then the classroom can become disorderly.